However, these have yet to be assessed for use in resource-poor settings.
Several other primary prevention strategies: those that combine economic empowerment of women with gender equality training; that promote communication and relationship skills within couples and communities; that reduce access to, and harmful use of alcohol; and that change cultural gender norms, have shown some promise but need to be evaluated further.
However, the continued prevalence of violence against women and girls demonstrates that this global pandemic of alarming proportions is yet to be tackled with all the necessary political commitment, action and resources.
Countries have made some progress and initiatives developed to address and prevent violence against women and girls have increased throughout the world in recent years. Fast Facts The most common form of violence experienced by women globally is physical violence inflicted by an intimate partner, with women beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused.
To address fully the consequences of violence and the needs of victims/survivors requires a multi-sectoral response.
Violence against women and girls is not confined to any particular political or economic system, but it is prevalent in every society in the world.
There are a growing number of well-designed studies looking at the effectiveness of prevention and response programmes.
More resources are needed to strengthen the prevention of and response to intimate partner and sexual violence, including primary prevention, i.e. Regarding primary prevention, there is some evidence from high-income countries that school-based programmes to prevent violence within dating relationships have shown effectiveness.
The practice of early marriage – a form of sexual violence – is common worldwide, with more than 60 million girls worldwide married before the age of 18, primarily in South Asia (31.1 million) and Sub-Saharan Africa (14.1 million).
Young girls forced into marriage and into sexual relations may suffer health risks, including exposure to HIV/AIDS, and limited school attendance.
Violence among young people, including dating violence, is also a major problem.