The three major modalities for therapy with children and adolescents are family therapy, group therapy, and individual therapy.Which course is used depends on a variety of factors that must be assessed on a case-by-case basis.
In severe cases, damage to internal organs may occur, which, in some cases, may cause death.
Various studies have suggested that severe child sexual abuse may have a deleterious effect on brain development. (1998) found "reversed hemispheric asymmetry and greater left hemisphere coherence in abused subjects;" Teicher et al.
For instance, treatment of young children generally requires strong parental involvement and can benefit from family therapy.
Adolescents tend to be more independent; they can benefit from individual or group therapy.
Forms of child sexual abuse include engaging in sexual activities with a child (whether by asking or pressuring, or by other means), indecent exposure (of the genitals, female nipples, etc.), child grooming, or using a child to produce child pornography.
Child sexual abuse can occur in a variety of settings, including home, school, or work (in places where child labor is common).
The goal of treatment is not only to treat current mental health issues, and trauma related symptoms, but also to prevent future ones.
Children often present for treatment in one of several circumstances, including criminal investigations, custody battles, problematic behaviors, and referrals from child welfare agencies.
(2000) found that most of the relationship between severe forms of child sexual abuse and adult psychopathology in their sample could not be explained by family discord, because the effect size of this association decreased only slightly after they controlled for possible confounding variables.