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In 1975, Kurt Saxon began publishing a monthly tabloid-size newsletter called The Survivor, which combined Saxon's editorials with reprints of 19th century and early 20th century writings on various pioneer skills and old technologies.
Kurt Saxon used the term survivalist to describe the movement, and he claims to have coined the term.
For several years the newsletter included a continuing section on personal preparedness written by Stephens.
It promoted expensive seminars around the US on similar cautionary topics.
Firearms instructor and survivalist Colonel Jeff Cooper wrote on hardening retreats against small arms fire.
In an article titled "Notes on Tactical Residential Architecture" in Issue #30 of P. Letter (April, 1982), Cooper suggested using the "Vauban Principle", whereby projecting bastion corners would prevent miscreants from being able to approach a retreat's exterior walls in any blind spots.
In the previous decade, preparedness consultant, survival bookseller, and California-based author Don Stephens popularized the term retreater to describe those in the movement, referring to preparations to leave cities for remote havens or survival retreats should society break down.
In 1976, before moving to the Inland Northwest, he and his wife authored and published The Survivor's Primer & Up-dated Retreater's Bibliography.
For a time in the 1970s, the terms survivalist and retreater were used interchangeably.